Find: The iOS 5.1 update, "4G", AT&T, and the 3G Toggle

Details on the hspa/4g debate about iPhone. 


When the iPhone 4S first launched, AT&T ominously noted (through a document leaked to The Verge) that it was "working with Apple" to update the 3G indicator to 4G in the status bar. Back then, the extent of just how much AT&T was working with Apple on a regular basis to both build carrier.ipcc bundles and beyond was unknown, but the two have worked together in the past to make UI related changes, going all the way back to the iPhone 3G's signal to bars mapping. In addition, obviously the carrier works with Apple to both validate baseband behavior and respective updates. However, having the carrier dictate changes to UI seemed like new territory.

With respect to the iPhone 4S there was also some confusion about whether the device was HSPA+, and whether that met ITU-R's earlier 4G definitions. All of that we addressed in another post that I'd encourage you to take a look at as a primer for all this. I'm not going to go into that whole debate again since honestly the "4G" thing boils down to a matter of definition, and whether or not you subscribe to ITU-R or not is a matter of principle.

The iPhone 4S launched with a 3G indicator on iOS 5.0, and later was updated to iOS 5.0.1 with the  indicator unchanged. Even up through the iOS 5.1 betas, there was no sign that AT&T had worked with Apple to do anything more than slightly bump up the ATT_US.ipcc carrier bundle version. Today with iOS 5.1 going final, things have changed, and the 3G logo of the past now has been updated, and is sure to confuse at least some people about what really has indeed changed.

Now that we're out of the chaos of both an iPad and Apple TV launch, I think it's worth it to examine what the state of things are regarding the indicators and 3G toggles since there's still some confusion abounding. First up is this table, which I've updated with what we've been told or know about the newly announced 4G-enabled iPad. Obviously the cellular basebands and supported HSDPA/HSUPA categories haven't changed for the existing older iDevices, and the point is that this ultimately should govern your expectations for cellular speeds - not indicators. While it's entirely possible for baseband software updates to indeed introduce new features and even bump them up a category or two (like what LG did with the LG Optimus 3D), but none of that has happened here in Apple-land. Carrier marketing aside, nothing has changed regarding the iPhone 4S. 

iDevice Cellular Speeds
Property iPhone 3G/3GS/iPad 1 3G iPhone 4 / iPad 2 (GSM/UMTS) iPhone 4 / iPad 2 (CDMA) iPhone 4S iPad 4G (3rd Gen.)
Baseband Infineon X-Gold 608 Infineon X-Gold 618 Qualcomm MDM6600 Qualcomm MDM6610 Qualcomm MDM9600
Max 3GPP Release Feature Release 5 Release 6 Release 7 Release 7 Release 9
HSDPA Category Cat.8 - 7.2 Mbps Cat.8 - 7.2 Mbps N/A Cat.10 - 14.4 Mbps Cat. 24 - 42 Mbps
HSUPA Category None - 384 Kbps WCDMA only Cat.6 - 5.76 Mbps N/A Cat.6 - 5.76 Mbps Cat.6 - 5.76 Mbps
CDMA2000/EVDO N/A N/A 1x/EVDO Rev.A 1x/EVDO Rev.A 1x/EVDO Rev.A
LTE N/A N/A N/A N/A 100/50 UE Cat. 3

After updating an iPhone 3GS, 4, and 4S with the iOS 5.1 release, and based on what I've learned from other users abroad, I've also checked and built the following chart out which shows the current 3G/4G indicator and toggle matrix. 

iDevice 3G/4G and Toggle after iOS 5.1 Update
Property iPhone 3GS iPhone 4 (GSM/UMTS) iPhone 4 (CDMA) iPhone 4S
Carrier/Region Everywhere Everywhere Everywhere International
(Not AT&T Sprint or VZW)
AT&T Sprint/Verizon
WCDMA/EVDO Indicator "3G" "3G" "3G" "3G" "4G" "3G"
3G Toggle Yes Yes No Yes No No

Earlier in the day I saw and repeated reports that the iPhone 4 indicator logo showed "4G" on AT&T while charging and updating mine. Those turned out to be false, and I apologize for furthering that information. The iPhone 4 continues to reflect the same icon and toggle as before. The CDMA2000 1x/EVDO devices still don't have a 3G toggle since it still doesn't make much sense (those devices poll 1x from EVDO based on a slotted cycle, and both 1x and EVDO carriers are both 1.25 MHz wide) except unless you just want slower 1xRTT data on a whim. iPhone 4S users not on AT&T however do get a 3G toggle with the new iOS 5.1 update, and still show the 3G icon. 

Unlocked iPhone 4S with iOS 5.1 with T-Mobile SIM (left) showing 3G toggle, no 3G toggle with AT&T SIM inserted (right). The toggle is present on iOS 5.1, just not for AT&T subscribers.

I picked up an unlocked iPhone 4S a while back so I could experiment with using the device on T-Mobile, and when I pop the AT&T SIM out and the T-Mobile SIM in, the 3G toggle re-appears as shown above. This backs up the feedback I've gotten from international users who report also seeing the 3G toggle on iOS 5.1. It should be clear at this point that AT&T's work with Apple went as far as both getting the indicator changed to match its HSPA+ as 4G marketing, and having the 3G toggle selectively remove itself when on AT&T. This lines up with AT&T's recent efforts to get as many devices as possible off of GSM/EDGE and onto the more spectrally efficient WCDMA wherever possible. AT&T has noted pretty recently that it will begin turning off GSM/EDGE carriers on its PCS 1900 MHz holdings as well.

It makes sense to differentiate the devices from each other based on the considerable increase in HSDPA category and realizable downstream speed from each hardware iteration. I routinely am able to hit over 7 Mbps (like the test shown above which I just ran) and even above 9 or 10 Mbps from time to time on the iPhone 4S, speeds which are obviously not possible on the 4 or 3GS/3G baseband.

It goes without saying that such differences in realizable speed deserve some differentiation, either in status indicator or elsewhere. At the same time, it seems like a very strange move for Apple to update the indicator on the 4S like this exclusively on AT&T so long after the device launched, and it's this change which has users up in arms online. From what testing I've done so far, the 4G indicator doesn't appear to differentiate HSPA+ 14.4 from HSDPA 7.2 at all on AT&T, it seems as though if you're on HSPA you're given the 4G indicator regardless. The obvious solution I would champion for is treating the end user like an adult and showing detailed information about the current air interface somewhere under about. 

On a more positive note, the 3G disconnect bug which previously affected the 4S running the iOS 5.1 betas seems entirely fixed. I haven't encountered that behavior at all since the update. 

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